display the Persian text in this article correctly. Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia, is a country located in Western
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Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Iraq and Turkey to the west, by Azerbaijan and Armenia to the northwest, by the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan to the north, by Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south. It covers an area of 1.64 million square kilometres (0.63 million square miles), making it the 17th-largest country. Iran has an estimated population of 86.8 million, making it the 17th-most populous country in the world, and the second-largest in the Middle East. Its largest cities, in descending order, are the capital Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Shiraz, and Tabriz.
The country is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BC. It was first unified by the Medes, an ancient Iranian people, in the seventh century BC, and reached its territorial height in the sixth century BC, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Persian Empire, which became one of the largest empires in history and a superpower. The Achaemenid Empire fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC and was subsequently divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion established the Parthian Empire in the third century BC, which was succeeded in the third century AD by the Sassanid Empire, a major world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century AD, which led to the Islamization of Iran. It subsequently became a major center of Islamic culture and learning, with its art, literature, philosophy, and architecture spreading across the Muslim world and beyond during the Islamic Golden Age. Over the next two centuries, a series of native Iranian Muslim dynasties emerged before the Seljuk Turks and the Mongols conquered the region. In the 15th century, the native Safavids re-established a unified Iranian state and national identity, and converted the country to Shia Islam. Under the reign of Nader Shah in the 18th century, Iran presided over the most powerful military in the world, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. The early 20th century saw the Persian Constitutional Revolution. Efforts to nationalize its fossil fuel supply from Western companies led to an Anglo-American coup in 1953, which resulted in greater autocratic rule under Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and growing Western political influence. He went on to launch a far-reaching series of reforms in 1963. After the Iranian Revolution, the current Islamic Republic was established in 1979 by Ruhollah Khomeini, who became the country's first Supreme Leader.
The government of Iran is an Islamic theocracy that includes some elements of a presidential system, with the ultimate authority vested in an autocratic "Supreme Leader"; a position held by Ali Khamenei since Khomeini's death in 1989. The Iranian government is authoritarian, and has attracted widespread criticism for its significant constraints and abuses against human rights and civil liberties, including several violent suppressions of mass protests, unfair elections, and limited rights for women and for children. It is also a focal point for Shia Islam within the Middle East, countering the long-existing Arab and Sunni hegemony within the region. Since the Iranian Revolution, the country is widely considered to be the largest adversary of Israel and also of Saudi Arabia. Iran is also considered to be one of the biggest players within Middle Eastern affairs, with its government being involved both directly and indirectly in the majority of modern Middle Eastern conflicts.
Iran is a regional and middle power, with a geopolitically strategic location in the Asian continent. It is a founding member of the United Nations, the ECO, the OIC, and the OPEC. It has large reserves of fossil fuels—including the second-largest natural gas supply and the third-largest proven oil reserves. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 26 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Historically a multi-ethnic country, Iran remains a pluralistic society comprising numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, with the largest of these being Persians, Azeris, Kurds, Mazandaranis, and Lurs.
Make sure to check the time to make sure it is accurate. Not all clocks tell the time correctly. Depending on the location of your device, your time could be off for as much as 5 minutes or more. Looking for more information on this area? Look below for tips such as population and more.
You can use a wireless analog clock, your cell phone, or even a sundial to tell the time.
Watches work by logging track of the number of rotations of a particular wheel or spring. As the wheel or spring spins, it moves a gear that is connected to the hands of the clock. The speed at which the wheel or spring turns is regulated by a pendulum or weight, which swings back and forth as the clock ticks.
Assuming you already know how to tell the time on a traditional clock face, reading a digital clock is easy and straightforward. All you need to do is identify the numbers on the clock face and read them as if they were on a traditional clock face.
For example, if the digital clock reads "12:15," then it is 12:15pm.
Digital clocks display the time as a number, typically in hours, minutes, and seconds. Analog clocks display the time using hands on a clock face.
There are positives and cons to each type of clock. Digital clocks are easy to read at a glance and can be very accurate. However, they can also be harder to set and may require batteries. Analog clocks are often more aesthetically pleasing and can be operated without batteries. However, they can be more difficult to read at a glance and may not be as accurate as digital clocks.
In order to tell time without a clock, you can use a variety of methods that only use the sun and shadows. One method is to find a stick and put it in the ground so that the shadow is cast on the ground. The length of the shadow will tell you what time it is. Another method is to use your hand to estimate how long the shadow is. You can do this by holding your hand up to the sun and making a fist. The space between your thumb and first finger will be about 15 minutes on a sundial. You can also use your watch or phone to find out what time it is by using an online world clock like this one.
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